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Where is El Dorado and for whom is it?

Where is El Dorado and for whom is it?

The aim of this information design project is to display information regarding the relation between Italians and foreigners. The intention is to show through tangible means exhibited in public space, a different view on this phenomenon: the audience has the possibility to understand at a glance by interacting with the capsules the information. The data concerning the foreigners is golden, and the question I want to raise is whether the foreigners are an opportunity for the arrival country or not. Who profits? Them or us?

Perception is often far from reality, particularly in an era in which fake news and unverified information are distributed globally with no semblance of control. The most significant consequence is a distorted perception of reality, as the public opinion is built upon information and assumptions gathered from channels of misinformation and fake news, invoking an increase in stereotyping and prejudice in public thought and everyday discourse, in particular against foreigners. The resulting opinions are hard to debunk as their longevity is rooted in years of misperception, but is there any truth to

this xenophobic anti-immigrant rhetoric? Do they really steal our jobs? Are we experienced an invasion or maybe even an Islamization? The aim of this thesis project is to provide more transparent information about the Italians and migrants phenomenon, through tangible data-telling objects in the public space, in particular about the situation in Italy on a more general level. The aim is to give perspective on this phenomenon and provide a straightforward means to see the reality behind the figures and public perception.

8,3% of the population in Italy is foreign

According to Ipsos Mori, the perceived percentage of foreigners in Italy is 35%. It is a perception, and it is biased. The reality, instead, is that they are 5 times less, only 8,3% (5 million) of 60 million residents.
(source: Istat)

4.578 migrants that died at sea in 2016

4.578 migrants died or went missing at sea along the Central Mediterranean route in the year 2016. In the same year the people who arrived to Italy by sea amount to 181.436. This means that 2,5% of these 186.014 people died or went missing.
(source: UNHCR)

181.436 are the migrants landed in Italy in 2016

181.436 are migrants who crossed sea along the Mediterranean route in 2016 to arrive to Italy: it is 0,3% of the total Italian population.
(source: UNHCR)

2,6% is the foreign Muslim population in Italy

1.674.000 are the foreign Muslims in Italy in 2016 (2,6% of the Italian population), meanwhile the total Muslim population in Italy amounts to 2.600.000 (4,3%): among them 926.000 are Italians.
(source: Open Migration, ISMU)

4,4% is the foreign Christian population in Italy

2.679.000 are the foreign Christians in Italy in 2015, meanwhile the total Christian population in Italy amounts to 50.526.000 (83% of the total Italian population): among them 47.900.000 are Italian citizens. For every three foreigners, two are Christian and one is Muslim.
(source: Pew)

3,5% of the pensions in Italy are paid for by foreigners

3,5%, approximately 640.000, are the pensions financed by the contribution of foreign workers in Italy in 2016, of a total of 18.100.000 pensions in Italy.
(source: Fondazione Leone Moressa, Inps)

8,8% of the Gross Domestic Product in Italy is contributed by foreigners

127 billion is the revenue of foreigners living in Italy in 2016, which is equal to 8,8% of the Italian Gross Domestic Product.
(source: Fondazione Leone Moressa)

38% of the workers in agriculture in Italy are foreigners

38%, approximately 340.000, of employees in the agriculture sector in Italy are foreign workers. Among the 900.000 workers, one third consists of foreigners.
(source: Idos)


El Dorado at Pur, March 2017

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